Ingredients Glossary

" Flours & Grains "

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Arisi Maavu
Rice Flour
-
2
Kadalai Maavu
Gram Flour
Besan
3
Maida Maavu
All Purpose Flour
Maida
4
Chola Maavu
Corn Flour
Makkai ka Aata
5
Godhumai Maavu
Wheat Flour
Atta
6
Kelvaragu
Ragi Flour
Nachni
7
Puttu Maavu
Puttu Flour
-
8
Idiyappam Maavu
Idiyappam Flour
-
9
Rava
Semolina
Soji
10
Godhumai Rava
Broken Wheat
Gehun ka Aata



" Spices "

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Vara Millagai/ Patta Millagai/  Millagai Vathal
Red ChilliPepper/
Dried Red Chilli
Laal Mirch
2
Pattai
Cinnamon
Dalchini
3
Lawangam / Kirambu
Cloves
Laung
4
Ellakkai
Green Cardamom
Choti Elachi
5
Karuppu Ellakkai
Black Cardamom
Badi Elachi
6
Annachi Mokku
Star Anise
Chakra Phool
7
Briyani Ellai
Bay leaf
Tejpatta
8
Jathikkai
Mace
Javitri
9
Kunguma Poo
Saffron
Kesar
10
Sukku
Dried Ginger
Sonth
11
Kalpasi
Stone Flower
Phathar Ka Phool
12
Nellikkai
Gooseberry
Amla
13
Kandanthipilli
Long Pepper
Pippali
14
Thulasi
Holy Basil/Fresh Basil
Thulsi
15
Puli
Tamarind
Imli
16
Poondu
Garlic
Lashun
17
Omam
Thymol
Ajwain
18
Vellam
Jaggery
Gur
19
Perungayam
Asafoetida
Hing
20
Kudai Milagai
Capsicum
Shimla Mirch

" Masala Seeds "

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Vendhayam
Fenugreek Seeds
Methi Dhana
2
Sombu
Fennel Seeds/ AniSeed
Saunf
3
Jeeragam
Cumin Seeds
Sabut Jeera
4
Karunjeeragam
Black Cumin Seeds
Shahi Jeera
5
Yelu
Seasame Seeds
Til
6
Karuppu Yelu
Onion Seeds/ Nigella Seeds
Kalonji
7
Kadugu
Mustard Seeds
Rai
8
Khus Khusa
Poppy Seeds
Khus Khus
9
Vedai Kothamalli
Coriander Seeds
Dhaniya

" Masala Powder"

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Manjal Thul
Turmeric Powder
Haldi
2
Millagai Thul
Red Chilli Powder
Laal Mirchi Powder
3
Malli Thul
Coriander Powder
Dhaniya Powder
4
Jeeraga Thul
Cumin Powder
Jeera Masala
5
Milagu Thul
Pepper Powder
Kali Mirch Masala
6
-
Jaljeera powder
Jaljeera Powder
7
Garam Masala
Spices Mixture
Garam Masala
8
Sambar Thul
Sambar Powder
Sambar Powder
9
Mangai Podi
Dried Mango Powder
Amchur
10
-
Chaat Masala
Chaat Masala
11
Athimathuram
Licorice Powder
Jethimadh

"Pulses & Lentils"

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Kadalai Paruppu
Bengal Gram
Channa Dal
2
Thuvaram Paruppu
Yellow Split Peas/ Pigeon Peas
Toor Dal
3
Ultham Paruppu
Black Gram
Urad Dal
4
Pachai Payiru
Green Gram
Mung Beans
5
Pasi Paruppu/ Siru Paruppu
Yellow Mung Dal
Mung Dal
6
Kollu
Horse Gram
Kulti
7
Karamani Payir
Red Kidney Beans
Rajma
8
Kondakadalai / Vellai Mullu Kadalai
Chickpeas (White)
Kabuli Chana
9
Karuppu Kondakadalai
Brown Chickpeas
Kale Channe
10
Thattai payir
Cowpeas
Red Lobia/ Bura
11
Mysoor Paruppu
Split Red Lentils
Mysoor Dal
12
Mochakotai
Hyacinth Beans
Val Dal
13
Kambu
Pearl Millet
Bajra
14
Pachai Pattani
Dry Green Peas
Matar Dal
15
Javarisi
Sago
Sabudana
16
Cholam
Corn
Anaj

"Dry Fruits & Nuts"

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Badam
Almond
Badam
2
Mundri
Cashewnuts
Kaju
3
Pista
Pistachio
Pista
4
Kaintha Dhirachai
Raisin
Khismish
5
Akroot
Walnut
Akroot
6
Verkadalai
Peanuts/ Groundnut
Moongphali
7
Perichai
Dry Dates
Khajur
8
-
Hazelnuts
-
9
-
Peacans
-
10
Kaintha Athipazham
Dried Fig
Aneer

" Vegetables "

S.No
Tamil Name
English Name
Hindi Name
1
Thakkali
Tomato
Tamatar
2
Vengayam/ Ballari
Onion
Pyaz
3
Cina Vengayam
Shallot
-
4
Pachai Milagai
Green Chilli
Hari Mirch
5
Ingi
Ginger
Adrak
6
Vendakkai
Ladis Finger/ Okra
Bhindi
7
Kothavarangai
Cluster Beans
Gavar
8
Mulangi
Radish
Mooli
9
Pavakkai
Bitter Gourd
Karela
10
Murungaikai
Drumstick
Sahjan / Munga
11
Avaraikai
Board Beans
Sem/ Papdi
12
Beans
Green Beans

13
Carrot
Carrot
Gajar
14
Muttaikose
Cabbage
Pattagobi
14
Kathirikai
Brinjal/ Eggplant
Baingan
15
Peas
Pattani
Mutter
16
Sorakkai
Bottle Gourd
Lauki
17
Poosanikai
Ash Gourd
Petha
18
Beetroot
Beetroot
Chukander
19
Cauliflower
Cauliflower
Phoolgobi
20
Seppenkizhangu
Colocasia
Arbi
21
Velarikai
Cucumber
Kheera/ Kakdi
22
Chow Chow
Chayote
Gathgobi
23
Urulaikizhangu
Potato
Aloo
24
Peerkangai
Ridge Gourd
Tori
25
Parangikkai
Pumpkin
Kaddu
26
Pudalangai
Snake Gourd
Chicinda/ Padval
27
Senakizhangau
Yam
Sooran
28
Vazhaipoo
Plaintain Flower/ Banana flower
Kele ka pool
29
Sankaravalli Kizhangu
Sweet Potato
Ratalu
30
Kaalan
Mushroom
Guchhi/ Khumb
31
Pachai Poongosu
Broccolli
Hari Pulangobi
32
Sevari keerai
Celery
Ajmoda /Shalari
33
Koonaipoo
Artichoke

34
-
Brussels Sprout
-
35
-
Lettuce
-
36
Nela Parangi
Zucchini/Squash
-
37
Maravalli Kizhangu
Tapioca
-
38
Thaneervittan Kizhangu
Asparagus
-








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